[[man_de_lspci]]

lspci(8)                                                    The PCI Utilities                                                   lspci(8)



NAME
       lspci - list all PCI devices

SYNOPSIS
       lspci [options]

DESCRIPTION
       lspci is a utility for displaying information about PCI buses in the system and devices connected to them.

       By  default,  it shows a brief list of devices. Use the options described below to request either a more verbose output or output
       intended for parsing by other programs.

       If you are going to report bugs in PCI device drivers or in lspci itself, please include output of "lspci -vvx"  or  even  better
       "lspci -vvxxx" (however, see below for possible caveats).

       Some  parts of the output, especially in the highly verbose modes, are probably intelligible only to experienced PCI hackers. For
       exact definitions of the fields, please consult either the  PCI  specifications  or  the  header.h  and  /usr/include/linux/pci.h
       include files.

       Access  to  some  parts  of the PCI configuration space is restricted to root on many operating systems, so the features of lspci
       available to normal users are limited. However, lspci tries its best to display as much as available and mark all other  informa‐
       tion with <access denied> text.


OPTIONS
   Basic display modes
       -m     Dump PCI device data in a backward-compatible machine readable form.  See below for details.

       -mm    Dump PCI device data in a machine readable form for easy parsing by scripts.  See below for details.

       -t     Show a tree-like diagram containing all buses, bridges, devices and connections between them.


   Display options
       -v     Be verbose and display detailed information about all devices.

       -vv    Be very verbose and display more details. This level includes everything deemed useful.

       -vvv   Be  even more verbose and display everything we are able to parse, even if it doesn't look interesting at all (e.g., unde‐
              fined memory regions).

       -k     Show kernel drivers handling each device and also kernel modules capable of handling it.  Turned on by default when -v  is
              given in the normal mode of output.  (Currently works only on Linux with kernel 2.6 or newer.)

       -x     Show  hexadecimal  dump  of  the  standard  part  of  the configuration space (the first 64 bytes or 128 bytes for CardBus
              bridges).

       -xxx   Show hexadecimal dump of the whole PCI configuration space. It is available only to root as several PCI devices crash when
              you try to read some parts of the config space (this behavior probably doesn't violate the PCI standard, but it's at least
              very stupid). However, such devices are rare, so you needn't worry much.

       -xxxx  Show hexadecimal dump of the extended (4096-byte) PCI configuration space available on PCI-X 2.0 and PCI Express buses.

       -b     Bus-centric view. Show all IRQ numbers and addresses as seen by the cards on the PCI bus instead of as seen by the kernel.

       -D     Always show PCI domain numbers. By default, lspci suppresses them on machines which have only domain 0.


   Options to control resolving ID's to names
       -n     Show PCI vendor and device codes as numbers instead of looking them up in the PCI ID list.

       -nn    Show PCI vendor and device codes as both numbers and names.

       -q     Use DNS to query the central PCI ID database if a device is not found in the local pci.ids file. If  the  DNS  query  suc‐
              ceeds,  the  result is cached in ~/.pciids-cache and it is recognized in subsequent runs even if -q is not given any more.
              Please use this switch inside automated scripts only with caution to avoid overloading the database servers.

       -qq    Same as -q, but the local cache is reset.

       -Q     Query the central database even for entries which are recognized locally.  Use this if  you  suspect  that  the  displayed
              entry is wrong.


   Options for selection of devices
       -s [[[[<domain>]:]<bus>]:][<slot>][.[<func>]]
              Show  only  devices in the specified domain (in case your machine has several host bridges, they can either share a common
              bus number space or each of them can address a PCI domain of its own; domains are numbered from 0 to ffff), bus (0 to ff),
              slot  (0  to  1f)  and function (0 to 7).  Each component of the device address can be omitted or set to "*", both meaning
              "any value". All numbers are hexadecimal.  E.g., "0:" means all devices on bus 0, "0" means all functions of device  0  on
              any bus, "0.3" selects third function of device 0 on all buses and ".4" shows only the fourth function of each device.

       -d [<vendor>]:[<device>]
              Show  only  devices with specified vendor and device ID. Both ID's are given in hexadecimal and may be omitted or given as
              "*", both meaning "any value".


   Other options
       -i <file>
              Use <file> as the PCI ID list instead of /usr/share/misc/pci.ids.

       -p <file>
              Use <file> as the map of PCI ID's handled by kernel  modules.  By  default,  lspci  uses  /lib/modules/kernel_version/mod‐
              ules.pcimap.  Applies only to Linux systems with recent enough module tools.

       -M     Invoke  bus  mapping mode which performs a thorough scan of all PCI devices, including those behind misconfigured bridges,
              etc. This option gives meaningful results only with a direct hardware access mode, which usually requires root privileges.
              Please note that the bus mapper only scans PCI domain 0.

       --version
              Shows lspci version. This option should be used stand-alone.


   PCI access options
       The  PCI  utilities  use the PCI library to talk to PCI devices (see pcilib(7) for details). You can use the following options to
       influence its behavior:

       -A <method>
              The library supports a variety of methods to access the PCI hardware.  By default, it uses the first access method  avail‐
              able,  but  you  can  use  this  option  to  override this decision. See -A help for a list of available methods and their
              descriptions.

       -O <param>=<value>
              The behavior of the library is controlled by several named parameters.  This option allows to set the value of any of  the
              parameters. Use -O help for a list of known parameters and their default values.

       -H1    Use direct hardware access via Intel configuration mechanism 1.  (This is a shorthand for -A intel-conf1.)

       -H2    Use direct hardware access via Intel configuration mechanism 2.  (This is a shorthand for -A intel-conf2.)

       -F <file>
              Instead  of  accessing  real hardware, read the list of devices and values of their configuration registers from the given
              file produced by an earlier run of lspci -x.  This is very useful for analysis of user-supplied bug reports,  because  you
              can display the hardware configuration in any way you want without disturbing the user with requests for more dumps.

       -G     Increase debug level of the library.


MACHINE READABLE OUTPUT
       If you intend to process the output of lspci automatically, please use one of the machine-readable output formats (-m, -vm, -vmm)
       described in this section. All other formats are likely to change between versions of lspci.


       All numbers are always printed in hexadecimal. If you want to process numeric ID's instead of names, please add the -n switch.


   Simple format (-m)
       In the simple format, each device is described on a single line, which is formatted as parameters suitable for passing to a shell
       script,  i.e.,  values  separated  by  whitespaces, quoted and escaped if necessary.  Some of the arguments are positional: slot,
       class, vendor name, device name, subsystem vendor name and subsystem name (the last two are empty if the device  has  no  subsys‐
       tem); the remaining arguments are option-like:


       -rrev  Revision number.


       -pprogif
              Programming interface.


       The  relative order of positional arguments and options is undefined.  New options can be added in future versions, but they will
       always have a single argument not separated from the option by any spaces, so they can be easily ignored if not recognized.


   Verbose format (-vmm)
       The verbose output is a sequence of records separated by blank lines.  Each record describes a single device  by  a  sequence  of
       lines,  each  line containing a single `tag: value' pair. The tag and the value are separated by a single tab character.  Neither
       the records nor the lines within a record are in any particular order.  Tags are case-sensitive.


       The following tags are defined:


       Slot   The name of the slot where the device resides ([domain:]bus:device.function).  This tag is always the first in a record.


       Class  Name of the class.


       Vendor Name of the vendor.


       Device Name of the device.


       SVendor
              Name of the subsystem vendor (optional).


       SDevice
              Name of the subsystem (optional).


       PhySlot
              The physical slot where the device resides (optional, Linux only).


       Rev    Revision number (optional).


       ProgIf Programming interface (optional).


       Driver Kernel driver currently handling the device (optional, Linux only).


       Module Kernel module reporting that it is capable of handling the device (optional, Linux only).


       New tags can be added in future versions, so you should silently ignore any tags you don't recognize.


   Backward-compatible verbose format (-vm)
       In this mode, lspci tries to be perfectly compatible with its old versions.  It's almost the same as the regular verbose  format,
       but  the Device tag is used for both the slot and the device name, so it occurs twice in a single record. Please avoid using this
       format in any new code.


FILES
       /usr/share/misc/pci.ids
              A list of all known PCI ID's (vendors, devices, classes and subclasses). Maintained at http://pciids.sourceforge.net/, use
              the update-pciids utility to download the most recent version.

       /usr/share/misc/pci.ids.gz
              If lspci is compiled with support for compression, this file is tried before pci.ids.

       ~/.pciids-cache
              All ID's found in the DNS query mode are cached in this file.


BUGS
       Sometimes,  lspci  is not able to decode the configuration registers completely.  This usually happens when not enough documenta‐
       tion was available to the authors.  In such cases, it at least prints the <?> mark to signal that there is potentially  something
       more to say. If you know the details, patches will be of course welcome.

       Access to the extended configuration space is currently supported only by the linux_sysfs back-end.


SEE ALSO
       setpci(8), update-pciids(8), pcilib(7)


AUTHOR
       The PCI Utilities are maintained by Martin Mares <mj@ucw.cz>.



pciutils-3.2.1                                              10 November 2013                                                    lspci(8)
  • man_de_lspci.txt
  • Dernière modification: 2016/03/30 15:33
  • (modification externe)