[[man_de_locate]]

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man_de_locate [2016/03/30 15:33] (Version actuelle)
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 +==== Manuel de la commande "​locate"​ ====
 +
 +<​code>​
 +locate(1) ​                                               General Commands Manual ​                                              ​locate(1)
 +
 +
 +
 +NAME
 +       ​locate - find files by name
 +
 +
 +SYNOPSIS
 +       ​locate [OPTION]... PATTERN...
 +
 +
 +DESCRIPTION
 +       ​locate ​ reads  one or more databases prepared by updatedb(8) and writes file names matching at least one of the PATTERNs to stan‐
 +       dard output, one per line.
 +
 +       If --regex is not specified, PATTERNs can contain globbing characters. ​ If any PATTERN contains no  globbing ​ characters, ​ locate
 +       ​behaves as if the pattern were *PATTERN*.
 +
 +       ​By ​ default, ​ locate ​ does  not  check whether files found in database still exist (but it does require all parent directories to
 +       exist if the database was built with --require-visibility no).  locate can never report ​ files  created ​ after  the  most  recent
 +       ​update of the relevant database.
 +
 +
 +EXIT STATUS
 +       ​locate ​ exits  with  status ​ 0 if any match was found or if locate was invoked with one of the --limit 0, --help, --statistics or
 +       ​--version options. ​ If no match was found or a fatal error was encountered,​ locate exits with status 1.
 +
 +       ​Errors encountered while reading a database are not fatal, search continues in other specified databases, if any.
 +
 +
 +OPTIONS
 +       -A, --all
 +              Print only entries that match all PATTERNs instead of requiring only one of them to match.
 +
 +
 +       -b, --basename
 +              Match only the base name against the specified patterns. ​ This is the opposite of --wholename.
 +
 +
 +       -c, --count
 +              Instead of writing file names on standard output, write the number of matching entries only.
 +
 +
 +       -d, --database DBPATH
 +              Replace the default database with DBPATH. ​ DBPATH is a :-separated list of database file names. ​ If more than one  --data‐
 +              base option is specified, the resulting path is a concatenation of the separate paths.
 +
 +              An  empty  database ​ file  name is replaced by the default database. ​ A database file name - refers to the standard input.
 +              Note that a database can be read from the standard input only once.
 +
 +
 +       -e, --existing
 +              Print only entries that refer to files existing at the time locate is run.
 +
 +
 +       -L, --follow
 +              When checking whether files exist (if the --existing option is specified), follow trailing symbolic ​ links. ​  ​This ​ causes
 +              broken symbolic links to be omitted from the output.
 +
 +              This is the default behavior. ​ The opposite can be specified using --nofollow.
 +
 +
 +       -h, --help
 +              Write a summary of the available options to standard output and exit successfully.
 +
 +
 +       -i, --ignore-case
 +              Ignore case distinctions when matching patterns.
 +
 +
 +       -l, --limit, -n LIMIT
 +              Exit successfully after finding LIMIT entries. ​ If the --count option is specified, the resulting count is also limited to
 +              LIMIT.
 +
 +
 +       -m, --mmap
 +              Ignored, for compatibility with BSD and GNU locate.
 +
 +
 +       -P, --nofollow, -H
 +              When checking whether files exist (if the --existing option is specified), do not follow trailing ​ symbolic ​ links. ​  This
 +              causes broken symbolic links to be reported like other files.
 +
 +              This is the opposite of --follow.
 +
 +
 +       -0, --null
 +              Separate ​ the  entries ​ on  output ​ using  the ASCII NUL character instead of writing each entry on a separate line.  This
 +              option is designed for interoperability with the --null option of GNU xargs(1).
 +
 +
 +       -S, --statistics
 +              Write statistics about each read database to standard output instead of searching for files and exit successfully.
 +
 +
 +       -q, --quiet
 +              Write no messages about errors encountered while reading and processing databases.
 +
 +
 +       -r, --regexp REGEXP
 +              Search for a basic regexp REGEXP. ​ No PATTERNs are allowed if this option is used, but this option can be specified multi‐
 +              ple times.
 +
 +
 +       ​--regex
 +              Interpret all PATTERNs as extended regexps.
 +
 +
 +       -s, --stdio
 +              Ignored, for compatibility with BSD and GNU locate.
 +
 +
 +       -V, --version
 +              Write information about the version and license of locate on standard output and exit successfully.
 +
 +
 +       -w, --wholename
 +              Match only the whole path name against the specified patterns.
 +
 +              This is the default behavior. ​ The opposite can be specified using --basename.
 +
 +
 +EXAMPLES
 +       To search for a file named exactly NAME (not *NAME*), use
 +              locate -b '​\NAME'​
 +       ​Because \ is a globbing character, this disables the implicit replacement of NAME by *NAME*.
 +
 +
 +FILES
 +       /​var/​lib/​mlocate/​mlocate.db
 +              The database searched by default.
 +
 +
 +ENVIRONMENT
 +       ​LOCATE_PATH
 +              Path to additional databases, added after the default database or the databases specified using the --database option.
 +
 +
 +NOTES
 +       ​The ​ order  in  which  the requested databases are processed is unspecified,​ which allows locate to reorder the database path for
 +       ​security reasons.
 +
 +       ​locate attempts to be compatible to slocate (without the options used for creating databases) and  GNU  locate, ​ in  that  order.
 +       This is the reason for the impractical default --follow option and for the confusing set of --regex and --regexp options.
 +
 +       ​The ​ short  spelling ​ of  the  -r option is incompatible to GNU locate, where it corresponds to the --regex option. ​ Use the long
 +       ​option names to avoid confusion.
 +
 +       The LOCATE_PATH environment variable replaces the default database in BSD and GNU locate, but it is added to other  databases ​ in
 +       this implementation and slocate.
 +
 +
 +AUTHOR
 +       ​Miloslav Trmac <​mitr@redhat.com>​
 +
 +
 +SEE ALSO
 +       ​updatedb(8)
 +
 +
 +
 +mlocate ​                                                        Sep 2012                                                       ​locate(1)
 +
 +</​code>​
  
  • man_de_locate.txt
  • Dernière modification: 2016/03/30 15:33
  • (modification externe)