[[man_de_emacs]]

Différences

Ci-dessous, les différences entre deux révisions de la page.

Lien vers cette vue comparative

man_de_emacs [2016/03/30 15:33] (Version actuelle)
Ligne 1: Ligne 1:
 +==== Manuel de la commande "​emacs"​ ====
 +
 +<​code>​
 +EMACS(1) ​                                                ​General Commands Manual ​                                               EMACS(1)
 +
 +
 +
 +NAME
 +       emacs - GNU project Emacs
 +
 +SYNOPSIS
 +       emacs [ command-line switches ] [ files ... ]
 +
 +DESCRIPTION
 +       ​GNU ​ Emacs is a version of Emacs, written by the author of the original (PDP-10) Emacs, Richard Stallman. ​ The user functionality
 +       of GNU Emacs encompasses everything other editors do, and it is easily extensible since its editing commands are written in Lisp.
 +
 +       The primary documentation of GNU Emacs is in the GNU Emacs Manual, which you can read using Info,  either ​ from  Emacs  or  as  a
 +       ​standalone ​ program. ​  ​Please ​ look  there for complete and up-to-date documentation. ​ This man page is updated only when someone
 +       ​volunteers to do so.
 +
 +       Emacs has an extensive interactive help facility, but the facility assumes that you know how to manipulate Emacs windows and buf‐
 +       ​fers. ​ CTRL-h or F1 enters the Help facility. ​ Help Tutorial (CTRL-h t) starts an interactive tutorial to quickly teach beginners
 +       the fundamentals of Emacs. ​ Help Apropos (CTRL-h a) helps you find a command with a name  matching ​ a  given  pattern, ​ Help  Key
 +       ​(CTRL-h k) describes a given key sequence, and Help Function (CTRL-h f) describes a given Lisp function.
 +
 +       GNU Emacs'​s many special packages handle mail reading (RMail) and sending (Mail), outline editing (Outline), compiling (Compile),
 +       ​running subshells within Emacs windows (Shell), running a  Lisp  read-eval-print ​ loop  (Lisp-Interaction-Mode), ​ automated ​ psy‐
 +       ​chotherapy (Doctor), and much more.
 +
 +   Emacs Options
 +       The following options are of general interest:
 +
 +              file    Edit file.
 +
 +              --file file, --find-file file, --visit file
 +                      The same as specifying file directly as an argument.
 +
 +              +number Go to the line specified by number (do not insert a space between the "​+"​ sign and the number). ​ This applies only
 +                      to the next file specified.
 +
 +              +line:​column
 +                      Go to the specified line and column.
 +
 +              --chdir directory
 +                      Change to directory.
 +
 +              -q, --no-init-file
 +                      Do not load an init file.
 +
 +              -nl, --no-shared-memory
 +                      Do not use shared memory.
 +
 +              --no-site-file
 +                      Do not load the site-wide startup file.
 +
 +              -nsl, --no-site-lisp
 +                      Do not add site-lisp directories to load-path.
 +
 +              --no-desktop
 +                      Do not load a saved desktop.
 +
 +              -Q, --quick
 +                      Similar to "-q --no-site-file --no-splash"​. ​ Also, avoid processing X resources.
 +
 +              --no-splash
 +                      Do not display a splash screen during start-up.
 +
 +              --debug-init
 +                      Enable Emacs Lisp debugger during the processing of the user init file ~/​.emacs. ​ This  is  useful ​ for  debugging
 +                      problems in the init file.
 +
 +              -u user, --user user
 +                      Load user's init file.
 +
 +              -t file, --terminal file
 +                      Use  specified ​ file  as the terminal instead of using stdin/​stdout. ​ This must be the first argument specified in
 +                      the command line.
 +
 +              --daemon
 +                      Start Emacs as a daemon, enabling the Emacs server and disconnecting from the terminal. ​  ​You ​ can  then  use  the
 +                      emacsclient command to connect to the server (see emacsclient(1)).
 +
 +              --version
 +                      Display Emacs version information and exit.
 +
 +              --help ​ Display this help and exit.
 +
 +       The following options are Lisp-oriented (these options are processed in the order encountered):​
 +
 +              -f function, --funcall function
 +                      Execute the lisp function function.
 +
 +              -l file, --load file
 +                      Load the lisp code in the file file.
 +
 +              --eval expr, --execute expr
 +                      Evaluate the Lisp expression expr.
 +
 +       The following options are useful when running Emacs as a batch editor:
 +
 +              --batch Edit  in batch mode.  The editor will send messages to stderr. ​ You must use -l and -f options to specify files to
 +                      execute and functions to call.
 +
 +              --script file
 +                      Run file as an Emacs Lisp script.
 +
 +              --insert file
 +                      Insert contents of file into the current buffer.
 +
 +              --kill ​ Exit Emacs while in batch mode.
 +
 +              -L dir, --directory dir
 +                      Add dir to the list of directories Emacs searches for Lisp files.
 +
 +   Using Emacs with X
 +       Emacs has been tailored to work well with the X window system. ​ If you run Emacs from under X windows, it will create its  own  X
 +       ​window ​ to  display ​ in.   You will probably want to start the editor as a background process so that you can continue using your
 +       ​original window.
 +
 +       Emacs can be started with the following X switches:
 +
 +              --name name
 +                      Specify the name which should be assigned to the initial Emacs window. ​ This controls looking up  X  resources ​ as
 +                      well as the window title.
 +
 +              -T name, --title name
 +                      Specify the title for the initial X window.
 +
 +              -r, -rv, --reverse-video
 +                      Display the Emacs window in reverse video.
 +
 +              -fn font, --font font
 +                      Set  the  Emacs  window'​s ​ font  to  that  specified ​ by  font.   ​You ​ will  find  the  various ​ X  fonts  in  the
 +                      /​usr/​lib/​X11/​fonts directory. ​ Note that Emacs will only accept fixed width fonts. ​ Under the X11 Release 4  font-
 +                      naming ​ conventions, ​ any  font  with the value "​m"​ or "​c"​ in the eleventh field of the font name is a fixed width
 +                      font.  Furthermore,​ fonts whose name are of the form widthxheight are generally fixed width, as is the font fixed.
 +                      See xlsfonts(1) for more information.
 +
 +                      When you specify a font, be sure to put a space between the switch and the font name.
 +
 +              --xrm resources
 +                      Set additional X resources.
 +
 +              --color, --color=mode
 +                      Override ​ color  mode for character terminals; mode defaults to `auto',​ and can also be `never',​ `auto',​ `always',​
 +                      or a mode name like `ansi8'​.
 +
 +              -bw pixels, --border-width pixels
 +                      Set the Emacs window'​s border width to the number of pixels specified by pixels. ​ Defaults to one  pixel  on  each
 +                      side of the window.
 +
 +              -ib pixels, --internal-border pixels
 +                      Set the window'​s internal border width to the number of pixels specified by pixels. ​ Defaults to one pixel of pad‐
 +                      ding on each side of the window.
 +
 +              -g geometry, --geometry geometry
 +                      Set the Emacs window'​s width, height, and position as specified. ​ The geometry specification is in the standard ​ X
 +                      format; see X(7) for more information. ​ The width and height are specified in characters; the default is 80 by 24.
 +                      See the Emacs manual, section "​Options for Window Size and Position",​ for information on how window sizes interact
 +                      with selecting or deselecting the tool bar and menu bar.
 +
 +              -lsp pixels, --line-spacing pixels
 +                      Additional space to put between lines.
 +
 +              -vb, --vertical-scroll-bars
 +                      Enable vertical scrollbars.
 +
 +              -fh, --fullheight
 +                      Make the first frame as high as the screen.
 +
 +              -fs, --fullscreen
 +                      Make the first frame fullscreen.
 +
 +              -fw, --fullwidth
 +                      Make the first frame as wide as the screen.
 +
 +              -mm, --maximized
 +                      Maximize the first frame, like "-fw -fh".
 +
 +              -fg color, --foreground-color color
 +                      On color displays, set the color of the text.
 +
 +                      Use the command M-x list-colors-display for a list of valid color names.
 +
 +              -bg color, --background-color color
 +                      On color displays, set the color of the window'​s background.
 +
 +              -bd color, --border-color color
 +                      On color displays, set the color of the window'​s border.
 +
 +              -cr color, --cursor-color color
 +                      On color displays, set the color of the window'​s text cursor.
 +
 +              -ms color, --mouse-color color
 +                      On color displays, set the color of the window'​s mouse cursor.
 +
 +              -d displayname,​ --display displayname
 +                      Create ​ the  Emacs window on the display specified by displayname. ​ Must be the first option specified in the com‐
 +                      mand line.
 +
 +              -nbi, --no-bitmap-icon
 +                      Do not use picture of gnu for Emacs icon.
 +
 +              --iconic
 +                      Start Emacs in iconified state.
 +
 +              -nbc, --no-blinking-cursor
 +                      Disable blinking cursor.
 +
 +              --parent-id xid
 +                      Set parent window.
 +
 +              -nw, --no-window-system
 +                      Tell Emacs not to create a graphical frame. ​ If you use this switch when invoking Emacs from an  xterm(1) ​ window,
 +                      display is done in that window.
 +
 +              -D, --basic-display
 +                      This option disables many display features; use it for debugging Emacs.
 +
 +       You can set X default values for your Emacs windows in your .Xresources file (see xrdb(1)). ​ Use the following format:
 +
 +              emacs.keyword:​value
 +
 +       where value specifies the default value of keyword. ​ Emacs lets you set default values for the following keywords:
 +
 +              background (class Background)
 +                      For color displays, sets the window'​s background color.
 +
 +              bitmapIcon (class BitmapIcon)
 +                      If bitmapIcon'​s value is set to on, the window will iconify into the "​kitchen sink."
 +
 +              borderColor (class BorderColor)
 +                      For color displays, sets the color of the window'​s border.
 +
 +              borderWidth (class BorderWidth)
 +                      Sets the window'​s border width in pixels.
 +
 +              cursorColor (class Foreground)
 +                      For color displays, sets the color of the window'​s text cursor.
 +
 +              cursorBlink (class CursorBlink)
 +                      Specifies whether to make the cursor blink. ​ The default is on.  Use off or false to turn cursor blinking off.
 +
 +              font (class Font)
 +                      Sets the window'​s text font.
 +
 +              foreground (class Foreground)
 +                      For color displays, sets the window'​s text color.
 +
 +              fullscreen (class Fullscreen)
 +                      The  desired fullscreen size.  The value can be one of fullboth, maximized, fullwidth, or fullheight, which corre‐
 +                      spond to the command-line options `-fs', `-mm', `-fw', and `-fh', respectively. ​ Note that  this  applies ​ to  the
 +                      initial frame only.
 +
 +              geometry (class Geometry)
 +                      Sets the geometry of the Emacs window (as described above).
 +
 +              iconName (class Title)
 +                      Sets the icon name for the Emacs window icon.
 +
 +              internalBorder (class BorderWidth)
 +                      Sets the window'​s internal border width in pixels.
 +
 +              lineSpacing (class LineSpacing)
 +                      Additional space ("​leading"​) between lines, in pixels.
 +
 +              menuBar (class MenuBar)
 +                      Gives  frames ​ menu bars if on; don't have menu bars if off.  See the Emacs manual, sections "Lucid Resources"​ and
 +                      "Motif Resources",​ for how to control the appearance of the menu bar if you have one.
 +
 +              minibuffer (class Minibuffer)
 +                      If none, don't make a minibuffer in this frame. ​ It will use a separate minibuffer frame instead.
 +
 +              paneFont (class Font)
 +                      Font name for menu pane titles, in non-toolkit versions of Emacs.
 +
 +              pointerColor (class Foreground)
 +                      For color displays, sets the color of the window'​s mouse cursor.
 +
 +              privateColormap (class PrivateColormap)
 +                      If on, use a private color map, in the case where the "​default visual"​ of class PseudoColor and Emacs is using it.
 +
 +              reverseVideo (class ReverseVideo)
 +                      If reverseVideo'​s value is set to on, the window will be displayed in reverse video.
 +
 +              screenGamma (class ScreenGamma)
 +                      Gamma correction for colors, equivalent to the frame parameter `screen-gamma'​.
 +
 +              scrollBarWidth (class ScrollBarWidth)
 +                      The scroll bar width in pixels, equivalent to the frame parameter `scroll-bar-width'​.
 +
 +              selectionFont (class SelectionFont)
 +                      Font name for pop-up menu items, in non-toolkit versions of Emacs. ​ (For toolkit versions, see the  Emacs  manual,
 +                      sections "Lucid Resources"​ and "Motif Resources"​.)
 +
 +              selectionTimeout (class SelectionTimeout)
 +                      Number of milliseconds to wait for a selection reply. ​ A value of 0 means wait as long as necessary.
 +
 +              synchronous (class Synchronous)
 +                      Run Emacs in synchronous mode if on.  Synchronous mode is useful for debugging X problems.
 +
 +              title (class Title)
 +                      Sets the title of the Emacs window.
 +
 +              toolBar (class ToolBar)
 +                      Number of lines to reserve for the tool bar.
 +
 +              useXIM (class UseXIM)
 +                      Turns off use of X input methods (XIM) if false or off.
 +
 +              verticalScrollBars (class ScrollBars)
 +                      Gives frames scroll bars if on; suppresses scroll bars if off.
 +
 +              visualClass (class VisualClass)
 +                      Specify ​ the  "​visual" ​ that X should use.  This tells X how to handle colors. ​ The value should start with one of
 +                      TrueColor, PseudoColor,​ DirectColor,​ StaticColor,​ GrayScale, and StaticGray, followed by -depth, ​ where  depth  is
 +                      the number of color planes.
 +
 +MANUALS
 +       ​You ​ can  order  printed ​ copies of the GNU Emacs Manual from the Free Software Foundation, which develops GNU software. ​ See the
 +       ​online store at <​http://​shop.fsf.org/>​.
 +       Your local administrator might also have copies available. ​ As with all software and publications from FSF, everyone is permitted
 +       to make and distribute copies of the Emacs manual. ​ The Texinfo source to the manual is also included in the Emacs source distri‐
 +       ​bution.
 +
 +FILES
 +       /​usr/​local/​share/​info — files for the Info documentation browser. ​ The complete text of the Emacs reference manual is included in
 +       ​a ​ convenient tree structured form.  Also includes the Emacs Lisp Reference Manual, useful to anyone wishing to write programs in
 +       the Emacs Lisp extension language, and the Introduction to Programming in Emacs Lisp.
 +
 +       /​usr/​local/​share/​emacs/​$VERSION/​lisp — Lisp source files and compiled files that define most editing ​ commands. ​  ​Some ​ are  pre‐
 +       ​loaded;​ others are autoloaded from this directory when used.
 +
 +       /​usr/​local/​libexec/​emacs/​$VERSION/​$ARCH — various programs that are used with GNU Emacs.
 +
 +       /​usr/​local/​share/​emacs/​$VERSION/​etc — various files of information.
 +
 +       /​usr/​local/​share/​emacs/​$VERSION/​etc/​DOC.* ​ —  contains the documentation strings for the Lisp primitives and preloaded Lisp func‐
 +       tions of GNU Emacs. ​ They are stored here to reduce the size of Emacs proper.
 +
 +
 +BUGS
 +       There is a mailing list, bug-gnu-emacs@gnu.org,​ for reporting Emacs bugs and fixes. ​ But before reporting ​ something ​ as  a  bug,
 +       ​please ​ try  to  be sure that it really is a bug, not a misunderstanding or a deliberate feature. ​ We ask you to read the section
 +       ​``Reporting Bugs''​ in the Emacs manual for hints on how and when to report bugs.  Also, include the version number of  the  Emacs
 +       ​you ​ are  running in every bug report that you send in.  Bugs tend actually to be fixed if they can be isolated, so it is in your
 +       ​interest to report them in such a way that they can be easily reproduced.
 +
 +       Do not expect a personal answer to a bug report. ​ The purpose of reporting bugs is to get them fixed for  everyone ​ in  the  next
 +       ​release, ​ if  possible. ​  For personal assistance, consult the service directory at <​http://​www.fsf.org/​resources/​service/>​ for a
 +       list of people who offer it.
 +
 +       ​Please ​ do  not  send  anything ​ but  bug  reports ​ to  this  mailing ​ list.   ​For ​ other   ​Emacs ​  ​lists, ​  ​see ​  <​http://​savan‐
 +       ​nah.gnu.org/​mail/?​group=emacs>​.
 +
 +UNRESTRICTIONS
 +       Emacs is free; anyone may redistribute copies of Emacs to anyone under the terms stated in the GNU General Public License, a copy
 +       of which accompanies each copy of Emacs and which also appears in the reference manual.
 +
 +       ​Copies of Emacs may sometimes be received packaged with distributions of Unix systems, but it is never included in the  scope  of
 +       ​any ​ license covering those systems. ​ Such inclusion violates the terms on which distribution is permitted. ​ In fact, the primary
 +       ​purpose of the GNU General Public License is to prohibit anyone from attaching any other restrictions to redistribution of Emacs.
 +
 +       ​Richard Stallman encourages you to improve and extend Emacs, and urges that you contribute your extensions to  the  GNU  library.
 +       ​Eventually ​ GNU  (Gnu'​s ​ Not Unix) will be a complete replacement for Unix.  Everyone will be free to use, copy, study and change
 +       the GNU system.
 +
 +SEE ALSO
 +       ​emacsclient(1),​ etags(1), X(7), xlsfonts(1),​ xterm(1), xrdb(1)
 +
 +AUTHORS
 +       Emacs was written by Richard Stallman and the Free Software Foundation. ​ For detailed credits and acknowledgments, ​ see  the  GNU
 +       Emacs manual.
 +
 +COPYING
 +       ​Copyright (C) 1995, 1999-2014 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
 +
 +       ​Permission ​ is  granted to make and distribute verbatim copies of this document provided the copyright notice and this permission
 +       ​notice are preserved on all copies.
 +
 +       ​Permission is granted to copy and distribute modified versions of this document under the conditions for verbatim ​ copying, ​ pro‐
 +       vided that the entire resulting derived work is distributed under the terms of a permission notice identical to this one.
 +
 +       ​Permission ​ is granted to copy and distribute translations of this document into another language, under the above conditions for
 +       ​modified versions, except that this permission notice may be stated in a translation approved by the Free Software Foundation.
 +
 +
 +
 +
 +GNU Emacs 24.4                                                2007 April 13                                                     ​EMACS(1)
 +
 +</​code>​
  
  • man_de_emacs.txt
  • Dernière modification: 2016/03/30 15:33
  • (modification externe)